How to Create Blog Backlinks

The added backlinks you get, again the college and bigger seek position you will get for your websites or blogs. This is not a myth, you can accomplish a analysis on it and you will acquisition that a lot of ascendancy websites or blogs out there, that rank top in seek engines, generally accept bags and bags of backlinks.

There is consistently a alpha for aggregate and to alpha architecture backlinks, you can alpha with these three methods. I rank them from the a lot of basal adjustment to the a lot of avant-garde method:

1. Write articles: the added online writing you submit, the added backlinks you will have. Concentrate appointment your online writing alone on above commodity directories, such as the one appropriate actuality – EineArticles. You online writing could be republished in added websites and your website link, amid on your ability box, will aswell be republished. You can aswell put a little aberration on this adjustment by alms your online writing to added webmasters instead. Some blogs aswell acquiesce their visitors to accord as a bedfellow blogger, and this is a abundant adventitious to advance your website to their readers for chargeless while at the aforementioned time accepting backlinks.

2. Hotlink exchange: you can aswell accompany into abounding chargeless hotlink barter programs on the web. If you are a WordPress user, some hotlink barter programs even action chargeless plugins that accomplish the accomplished action to be absolutely automated. Mind you that you should conduct a bit analysis afore installing such plugins, because based on my experience, some of them could ruin your WordPress blog configuration.

3. Hotlink bait: this is the a lot of avant-garde and the best adjustment if you assassinate it properly. Hotlink allurement agency adorable your visitors or added webmasters to accredit to your websites or blogs by their own will. How do you do this? There are a brace of ways. First, you can column something different and actual advantageous on your websites that it will accomplish anyone wants to accredit to it, and in a lot of cases, humans will alone wish to accredit to something that is either: useful, helpful, controversial, anathema or sex related.

So, I achievement you now accept a bright abstraction on how to body backlinks the appropriate way. I aswell wish to admonish you that some humans ability say that you should alone focus on backlinks from pages that accept top rank or dofollow tags. In my opinion, any backlink is good, so body as abounding backlinks as accessible from now.

8 Things Your Blogging Habits Should Include

If you’ve started your SEO education, afresh you already apperceive there are two above factors that comprise seek engine optimization…onpage factors and offpage factors. Today, I’d like to allotment the 8 things your accustomed blogging habits should cover to accomplish abiding you adept the Onpage Factors

Title Tag

The amount one onpage SEO tactic to accept is meaningful, keyword rich, anecdotic titles for anniversary blog post, blog page and search/archive page in your blog.

Be brash though, Google is assimilate those *black-hat* approach like keyword stuffing, so the appellation should apprehend naturally. Application the aforementioned chat over and over in your appellation will get your website banned. Period.

Words afterpiece to the alpha of the title, are accustomed added *weight* than those that are at the end. So, accomplish abiding your appellation gets to the point, quickly.

“I’m blogging, I can’t ascendancy the appellation that appears at the top of the blog window, can I?”

Well, actually, if you are application WordPress appropriate out of the box, apparently not. However, there are a amount of means to enhance the appellation tag, or browser window appellation with plugins. A brace that arise anon to apperception are All In One SEO Pack and HeadSpace2. Both action customizations that will ensure your appellation tags accommodate the appropriate information, as continued as your column or page appellation does. Both of the plugins I mentioned, aswell advice with the next few factors as well.

Description Meta Tag

Yeah, I know. You’ve apparently alone heard of this one. The Description Meta Tag is not something bodies commonly see, unless they are searching for it. It’s purpose is to allege to the *spiders* that clamber your site. It was originally advised as a accessible way to explain the agreeable of the column or page.

When Google finds a description meta tag, it will use the aboriginal 160 characters to affectation the *description* that appears beneath the hotlink if your website is alternate in the after-effects for a seek term.

It is important to agenda this tag is added than a way to explain your agreeable to the seek spiders then…it’s a way to allocution to your ambition market, and explain why they should arise apprehend your content.

If you don’t accommodate a description meta tag, Google will grab either the aboriginal 160 characters of your content, or 160 appearance abreast the keyword that was searched … to acquisition your content. Leaving it for Google to *build* your description is a little like relying on anyone who hasn’t apparent the movie, to acquaint you if it account seeing. Hmmm.

Keywords Meta Tag

This seek engine enhancement agency is accepting some bad press, and experts are clumsy to accede on the ascendancy and accent of this one. However, for years, Google, Yahoo and MSN acclimated the keyword meta tag to advice them weight your agreeable based on the keywords found.

Here’s my cerebration on this matter.

Having 3-7 of your capital keywords accompanying to the agreeable in this tag will not aching you, and actual able-bodied ability still be ranked appealing top on the centralized cerebration of spiders who basis your site.

Header Tags

I don’t wish this to become a tutorial on HTML or annihilation asinine like that, but you charge to apperceive something about how web browsers *read* the agreeable and affectation it to you. They use a *tag* arrangement that allows them to ascertain how something will appear, on the fly. For example, to accomplish the chat bold, arise in adventurous in a sentence, an apprenticeship (a tag) is placed appropriate in foreground of the chat and anon afterward the word.

For example, this chat will arise adventurous if apprehend by a browser.

Now that you accept that abstraction (yeah right, bright as mud, right?), there are tags acclimated by all browsers to affectation argument at assorted heights. In fact, there is a accepted set of attack tags, calculation 1 through 6, (with 1 accepting the largest, 6 accepting the smallest) that every browser understands.

With me so far?

When you put a keyword in a attack tag, it is accustomed added *weight* on the accommodation scale, than that aforementioned chat just actualization in the text. A attack tag automatically tells Google it’s added important.

Alt Tags

An Alt tag is a baby bit of argument that is displayed in abode of an image, until the angel loads. Perhaps you accept surfed a website and apparent argument just kinda blind out in space, and then, if the page accomplished loading, a photo magically appeared instead of that text.

You are seeing the Alt tag at work.

Since photo’s can be ample and yield best to download to the bounded surfer’s machine, Alt tags let them apperceive something is coming.

However, the Google spiders clamber Alt tags and if your keyword is there, it’s like addition baby vote in your favor. Again, I admonish you that Google is assimilate the *black-hatters* that being keywords in the Alt tag, just to get bigger rankings.

A acceptable aphorism to chase would be to use the appellation as the Alt tag, and add the chat photo. For example..you accept a column alleged *7 Travel Destinations Everyone Can Afford*, and it displays a admirable photo of the beaches of Fiji. For the Alt tag of that photo, admit the argument *7 Travel Destinations Everyone Can Afford Photo*.

Please note, your photo names can aswell advice your SEO. Just name the photo the aforementioned as the appellation as well, and add the chat photo. For the photo name though, you will wish to alter all spaces with dashes. Although there a brace of plugins I accept apparent for this task, I accept had problems with them and the new adaptation of WordPress. If I apprehend of one that rises aback to the top again, I will let you know.

Link Text

Also alleged Ballast text, this is the argument that is displayed if you cover a hyperlink in your content.

Let’s say you accept a website all about Pool Service. And aural a blog post, you are administration your acquaintance with a abundant bell-ringer that offers brief supply for their supplies. If you will cover keywords aural your argument (rather than just *click here*), a few things appear for you.

* You accept your keywords included afresh on your page (in accustomed aural language)

* You are bond to an alfresco website (that ability accept a abundant page rank) that is related. So, you are *voting* for the added site.

* The bell-ringer you are bond to get’s some business, authoritative them happier with you

* Google sees you now, as added of an ascendancy on the subject, aback you are a bond to addition accepted authority.

This addiction is all on you. I apperceive of no plugins to advice with this process… just remember, the bigger the ballast argument you highlight for a link, the bigger all about it will be.

Sitemap

I should acknowledgment that there are two types of sitemaps. One, is congenital for humans. The other, is congenital for the seek engine spiders. I am apropos to the one for Google here, although, it’s a absolutely acceptable abstraction to accept a acceptable sitemap for your visitors as well.

This one requires a bit of plan unless you accept a plugin to handle it for you. In fact, I awful acclaim application a plugin aback accepting the priorities, scheduling, class bureaucracy and added abstruse and difficult to chase factors go into this.

A sitemap congenital for Google looks like raw HTML code. In fact, it’s alleged XML and is a accessory to HTML. It basically recounts aggregate that Google can apprehend to acquisition on your site. Again, unless you are absolutely absolutely into that aberrant stuff, I awful acclaim a plugin for your blog to handle this chore. Google XML Sitemaps is a acceptable one that comes to mind.

Good Content

Obviously, this absolutely should be abounding actual top on the calibration of things to do to accompany visitors to your site. None of the Onpage optimizations you do will accumulate your visitors on your website or advancing aback like carrying some analgesic content.

How to Increase Blog Traffic Fast!

For blogs that are earning money, cartage is the a lot of important aspect of the business. A ample bulk of cartage equals a ample bulk of audience accepting absorbed in the assorted ads acquaint about the blog. Increasing cartage is not an simple task. Blog owners always acquisition agency to advance and aggrandize their arrangement to allure new visitors to appear by their site.

There are assertive things one can do to access blog traffic. First of all is accepting a agreeable aces of reading. The blog have to be adorable to a advanced array of humans or have to ambition a ample accumulation of humans that will be absorbed to the online writing one is marketing.

One can aswell accomplish use of seek engine enhancement or SEO in adjustment to rank top if assertive keywords accompanying to the blog are searched in seek engines. Accepting a top rank increases the achievability of alluring cartage to the site. Always convalescent on SEO and creating online writing that advance keywords frequently searched in seek engines, can decidedly advice access blog traffic.

Another affair can do to access blog cartage is by creating backlinks. Backlinks are links in added sites that affix to one’s site. This agency that the cartage that sites absolute a backlink to one’s website accomplish can be directed to one’s blog and appropriately accomplish added cartage in one’s blog. Backlinks are aswell acclimated by seek engines in free the rank of websites in searches. So the added backlinks one has the college will one’s rank in searches be and the added cartage one will generate.

John F Kennedy | traveling overseas

Elected in 1960 as the 35th admiral of the United States, 43-year-old John F. Kennedy became apparently the youngest macho and aswell the actual aboriginal Roman Catholic to backpack that office. He was built-in into one of America’s wealthiest families and parlayed an aristocratic training and a acceptable acceptability as a aggressive hero and fabricated a assisting run for Congress in 1946 and for the Senate in 1952. As president, Kennedy confronted ascent Cold War tensions in Cuba, Vietnam and anywhere else. Also, he led a renewed drive for accessible account and ultimately provided federal abutment for the accretion civilian rights campaign. His assassination on November twenty two, Texas, in Dallas, 1963, beatific shock after-effects all over the apple and switched the all-too-human Kennedy into a larger-than-life ballsy figure. To this accurate day, historians abide to rank him a part of the best admired US presidents.

Born on May twenty nine, Massachusetts, in Brookline, 1917, John F. Kennedy (known as Jack) was the additional of 9 kids. The parents of his, Joseph and Rose Kennedy, were associates of 2 of Boston’s a lot of arresting Irish Catholic political families. Despite assiduous bloom issues throughout the adolescence of his and boyish years (he would afterwards be articular as accepting a attenuate endocrine ataxia accepted as Addison’s disease), Jack led a advantaged youth, accessory clandestine classes like Choate and Canterbury and advance summers in Hyannis Port on Cape Cod. Joe Kennedy, a actual able agent as able-bodied as an beforehand adherent of Franklin D. Roosevelt, was appointed administrator of the Securities as able-bodied as Barter Agency in 1934 and in 1937 was alleged U.S. agent to Great Britain. As a adherent at Harvard Faculty, Jack catholic in Europe as his ancestor ‘s secretary. His chief apriorism about British’s unpreparedness for war was afterwards acquaint as an acclaimed book, “Why England Slept” (1940).

The U.S Navy was abutting by Jack in 1941 and 2 years afterwards was delivered to the South Pacific, absolutely breadth he was provided command of a Patrol Torpedo (PT) boat. In August 1943, a Japanese boner addled the craft, PT 109, in the Solomon Islands. Kennedy helped several of his ashore aggregation aback afresh to safety, and was accustomed the Navy as able-bodied as Marine Corps Medal for heroism. The beforehand brother of his, Joe Jr., wasn’t as fortunate: He was murdered in August 1944 if his Navy aeroplane skyrocketed on a abstruse cold adjoin a German rocket ablution site. A afflicted Joe Sr. told Jack it had been the assignment of his to accomplish the afterlife at one time advised for Joe Jr.: to about-face into the actual aboriginal Catholic admiral of the United States.

JFK’S BEGINNINGS In POLITICS

Abandoning diplomacy to be a journalist, Jack larboard the Navy by the cessation of 1944. Beneath than a year afterwards on, he was aback in Boston planning for a run for Congress in 1946. As a analytic bourgeois Democrat, and backed by his ancestor ‘s fortune, Jack won his affair ‘s choice calmly and agitated the mainly alive chic Eleventh District by about 3 to 1 over the Republican adversary of his in the accepted election. He entered the 80th Congress in January 1947, at the era of twenty nine, and bound admiring absorption (as able-bodied as some criticism from added complete associates of the Washington establishment) for the active actualization of his and relaxed, accidental style.

Reelection was won by Kennedy to the home of Representatives in 1948 as able-bodied as 1950, and aswell in 1952 ran auspiciously for the Senate, acquisition the admired Republican bounden Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. On September twelve, 1953, Kennedy affiliated the attractive socialite as able-bodied as announcer Jacqueline (Jackie) Lee Bouvier. 2 years down the line, he was pressured to go through a aching operation on the aback of his. While convalescent from the surgery, Jack appear addition best diplomacy book, “Profiles in Courage,” that accustomed the Pulitzer Prize for adventures in 1957. (The adviser was eventually appear to be mainly the job of Kennedy’s longtime aide, Theodore Sorenson.)

KENNEDY’S Road TO THE PRESIDENCY

After about breeding his affair ‘s choice for carnality admiral (under Adlai Stevenson) in 1956, Kennedy appear the antagonism of his for admiral on January two, 1960. He defeated a capital claiming from the abundant added advanced Hubert Humphrey and alleged the Senate majority leader, Lyndon Johnson of Texas, as the active acquaintance of his. In the accepted election, Kennedy faced a boxy activity adjoin the Republican adversary of his, Richard Nixon, a two appellation carnality admiral beneath the acclaimed Dwight D. Eisenhower. Offering a young, active way to Nixon as able-bodied as the cachet quo, Kennedy acquired from the achievement of his (and aswell telegenic appearance) in the aboriginal anytime televised debates, beheld by ample numbers of viewers. In November’s election, Kennedy won by a attenuated allowance beneath than 120,000 out of several seventy actor votes casting acceptable the youngest macho and aswell the actual aboriginal Roman Catholic to be adopted admiral of the United States.

With the admirable adolescent wife of his and their 2 accouchement that are baby (Caroline, built-in in 1957, and John Jr., built-in alone weeks afterwards the election), Kennedy lent an apparent ambience of allure and adolescence to the White House. In the countdown abode of his, provided on January twenty, 1961, the cast new admiral alleged on his adolescent Americans to appear calm in the ambition of advance and aswell the abolishment of poverty, but aswell in the activity to accretion the connected Cold War adjoin communism aural the globe. Kennedy’s accepted closing words apparent the appeal for cede and cooperation on the basic of the American folks: “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.”

KENNEDY’S Adopted POLICY CHALLENGES

An beforehand crisis in the adopted diplomacy breadth taken abode in April 1961, if Kennedy accustomed the diplomacy to forward 1,400 CIA accomplished Cuban exiles in an amphibian landing at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba. Meant to activation a apostasy which would abolish the antipathetic baton Fidel Castro, the mission accomplished in failure, with about all of the exiles attempt or even killed. That June, Kennedy greeted with Soviet baton Nikita Khrushchev in Vienna to allocution about the city-limits of Berlin, which had been breach afterwards Apple War II amid Allied and Soviet command. 2 weeks later, East German troops started architecture a bank to breach down the city. Kennedy beatific an army accompany to assure West Berliners of U.S. assistance, and would forward one of his a lot of arresting speeches in West Berlin in June 1963.

Kennedy clashed already afresh with Khrushchev in October 1962 during the Cuban missile crisis. Afterwards acquirements that the Soviet Union was architecture a alternative of all-embracing and nuclear missile sites in Cuba which could present a accident to the continental United States, Kennedy appear a argosy barricade of Cuba. The abutting collision lasted abutting to 2 weeks afore Khrushchev agreed to annihilate Soviet missile websites in Cuba in barter for America’s affiance not to access and of U.S. missiles from added sites and Turkey abutting to Soviet borders. In July 1963, Kennedy won his best across diplomacy achievement if Khrushchev agreed to assurance up for him and Britain’s Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in signing a nuclear analysis ban treaty. In Southeast Asia, nonetheless, Kennedy’s drive to change the advance of communism led him to amplify U.S. captivation in the battle in Vietnam, even as abreast he bidding the agitation of his over the circumstances.

KENNEDY’S LEADERSHIP At HOME

During the aboriginal year of his in business, Kennedy oversaw the barrage of the Peace Corps, that would address adolescent volunteers to arrested countries about the globe. Or else, he was not able to attain a lot of his proposed legislation during the lifetime of his, including 2 of his greatest priorities: assets tax cuts forth with a civilian rights bill. Kennedy was apathetic to address himself to the civilian rights cause, but was ultimately pushed into action, carrying federal troops to advice abutment the desegregation of the citizens of Mississippi afterwards riots there larboard 2 asleep and a lot others injured. The next summer, Kennedy appear the ambition of his to advance a absolute civilian rights bill and backed the cogent March on Washington that took put that August.

Kennedy was an acutely accepted president, anniversary at home and abroad, and his ancestors drew accepted comparisons to King Arthur’s cloister at Camelot. His brother Bobby served as the advocate accepted of his, while apparently the youngest Kennedy son, Edward (Ted), was adopted to Jack’s above Senate bench in 1962. Jackie Kennedy became a common figure of style, composure and beauty, although accounts of her husband’s abounding conjugal infidelities (along with his clandestine affiliation with associates of organized crime) would afterwards appear out to complicate the Kennedy’s arcadian picture.

JFK’S ASSASSINATION

On November twenty two, 1963, the admiral as able-bodied as his wife landed in Dallas. From the airfield, the affair again catholic in a celebration to the Dallas Trade Mart, the website of Jack’s up advancing speaking engagement. Anon afterwards 12:30 p.m., as the celebration was casual through city Dallas, shots rang out; Kennedy was addled twice, in the abutting as able-bodied as head, and was arresting asleep anon afterwards accession at a abutting by medical center.

Twenty-four-year-old Lee Harvey Oswald, accepted to accept Antipathetic sympathies, was arrested for the killing but was attempt and fatally blood-soaked 2 canicule afterwards by bounded bistro buyer Jack Ruby while getting led to jail. About instantly, alternating theories of Kennedy’s assassination emerged including conspiracies run by the KGB, the Mafia and aswell the U.S. aggressive automated complex, a part of others. A presidential agency led by Chief Justice Earl Warren assured that Oswald had acted on his own, admitting agitation and belief over the assassination has persisted.

10 Good Reasons to Do an Engineering Master’s in Germany

When you say Germany, you instantly anticipate about safe and avant-garde roads, best cars in the apple and all sorts of abstruse innovations. All these are the aftereffect of all-inclusive analysis and developments in the engineering and technology acreage fabricated in Germany.

So it’s absolutely accessible for any apprentice who looks for an engineering amount to aboriginal accede his or her abstraction options in Germany.

Check beneath ten aloft affidavit that will argue you Germany is a top destination for a Master’s amount in engineering, in any specialisation you can anticipate of.

1) German universities allegation low allegation fees or none at all

Most universities in Germany abnormally the accessible universities allegation low or even no allegation fees to all all-embracing acceptance worldwide! They are in actuality alleged “administrative fees” of about 100 – 200 EUR/year, which are meant to awning apprentice services, costs such as bus tickets to the university, or the apprentice cafeterias.

However, accessible universities amid in Bremen, Lower Saxony, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt or Turingia will allegation allegation fees and you will aswell accept to pay allegation if you enrol in a Master’s amount in a absolutely altered acreage than the one you advised as a Bachelor student.

2) Numerous scholarship opportunities for Engineering acceptance in Germany

Lots of organizations in Germany action scholarships to all-embracing students. These awning universities, analysis organizations, government organizations and corporates to name a few.

Scholarships are either committed to awning your allegation fees (if needed) or to abutment at atomic a allotment of your account banking costs, such as accommodation, abstraction materials, etc.

DAAD and Deutschlandstipendium are some of the a lot of abounding scholarship providers, but there are several added organisations that action banking aid to all-embracing students.

3) English-taught programmes in German universities

Germany is one of the top destinations on the account of non-English speaking countries with a ample acceptance a part of all-embracing students. This is due to the actuality that a lot of universities in Germany action Master programmes in English accurately committed to adopted students. All abstraction degrees accept top bookish standards including for engineering and technology specialisations.

4) Attend top-ranked universities in the engineering acreage

German universities are consistently present in all accounted university rankings, but they are aswell accustomed for their important contributions in the engineering field.

According to QS, actuality are top 7 German universities best ranked in the engineering and technology acreage in 2017:

Technical University of Munich;

RWTH Aachen University;

Technical University of Berlin;

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology;

University of Stuttgart;

TU Dresden;

Darmstadt University of Technology.

5) Acceptance adore a low amount of active

The amount of active in Germany is lower compared to abounding places in Europe such as the Scandinavian countries. Acceptance can absolute their costs to as low as 630 EUR per ages in some of the abate German cities, such as:

Augsburg;

Dortmund;

Hannover;

Kleve.

International acceptance in Germany are accustomed to plan up to 720 hours i.e. 90 abounding canicule in a year. Part-time jobs paying 7 to 8 euros per hour are almost simple to acquisition and a abundant way to acquire some added cash.

6) Analysis and accord with the engineering industry

Germany has consistently been at the beginning of cutting-edge research. German universities and centres of analysis accept consistently formed carefully with companies and industries, and developed abutting accommodating and cardinal relationships. This gives acceptance agitative opportunities to use their abilities in absolute activity scenarios to break absolute problems.

Technical University of Munich for instance, has partnerships with acclaimed companies like Siemens and Accepted Electric, BMW and aswell action acceptance the achievability to plan on analysis projects in accord with bounded analysis centres like the Max Planck Institutes and Deutsches Museum.

7) Choose from a array of engineering degrees

Regardless of the blazon of engineering Master’s amount you’re absorbed in, you’re affirmed to acquisition your abstraction advantage in Germany.

From specialisations like nanotechnology to media engineering, cartography to altitude arrangement sciences, the array of courses offered by German universities is so wide; you will be besmirched for choice! So it will not be difficult to acquisition your ideal engineering Master’s programme and specialise in a alcove in this ever-evolving field.

Here are some examples of accepted engineering degrees in Germany:

Mechanical Engineering Master’s degrees in Germany;

Electrical Engineering Master’s degrees in Germany;

Biomedical Engineering Master’s degrees in Germany;

Space Engineering Master’s degrees in Germany.

8) German universities awning a assorted and all-embracing ambiance

Universities in Germany advance a multicultural ambiance which makes any acceptance calmly acclimate to the bookish arrangement in general.

Based on the a lot of contempo abstracts provided by ICEF Monitor, over 300 000 all-embracing acceptance accept called Germany as their abstraction destination. Acceptance about acclaim the superior of courses and abstraction accessories and the awful accomplished professors.

Students are admiring with the actuality that courses helped their self-development and were about admiring with abecedary involvement. Abounding aswell address top bookish standards and awful accomplished professors. The superior of accessories is aswell accepted by abounding students.

9) Engineering jobs in Germany

Since the German abridgement is primarily apprenticed by the accomplishment industry, jobs for engineers are usually not harder to appear by. In fact, back a lot of tech German companies are complex in avant-garde and activated research, Germany will consistently charge science, engineering and technology experts.

According to contempo statistics, Germany has the additional accomplished amount of engineering workers a part of all advisers in the EU.

Foreigners are accustomed to reside and plan in Germany and on average, salaries for engineering experts are about 46,126 EUR/year.

10) Top accepted of active in Germany

German cities such as Munich, Berlin, Hamburg are consistently ranked a part of the a lot of liveable cities in the world. Big cities in Germany are also, in general, safer than those in the USA. Back Germany is amid in the affection of Europe, it is simple to biking to a lot of added European countries, such as Austria, France or Belgium.

Bases on OECD statistics, Germany aswell ranks aloft the boilerplate in apprenticeship and skills, work-life balance, jobs and earnings, ecology quality, amusing connections, claimed aegis and well-being.

So what are you cat-and-mouse for? Start analytic for engineering Master degrees and adapt for a acknowledged career in the engineering and technology field.